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Location: Bulgaria is located in south-eastern Europe. Its borders are Romania in the north, Black Sea in the east, Turkey and Greece in the south, and Serbia and FYRo Macedonia in the west.
Area: 110 912 sq. km
Population: 7,385,367 (2006)
Government type: parliamentary republic
Capital : Sofia (1,2 millions, 2006)
Official language: Bulgarian, cyrillic alphabet
Religion: eastern orthodox: christian orthodox (85%, muslims ( 8%), others ( 7% )
Time zone: GMT (London) + 2 h
Electricity: 220V, 50 Hz

Bulgaria's terrain varies between 0 and 2,925 m. in altitude.Its territory includes part of the lower Danubian plain, the Balkan range (part of the Alpine-Himalayan chain), part of the Thracian lowland, and to the south the mountain structures of the Macedonian-Thracian massif. Its best known mountains are Rila (its highest peak being Musala – 2,925 m.), Pirin (Vihren peak – 2,914 m.), Vitosha (Cherni Vrah peak – 2,291 m.), Stara Planina (i.e., the Balkan range) (Botev peak – 2,376 m.), and the Rhodopes (Golyam Perelik peak – 2,191 m.).
The rivers rise mainly in the highest mountains, and flow into the Black Sea (via the Danube) and into the Aegean Sea. Bulgaria has 526 rivers longer than 2.3 km. The only navigable river is the Danube, which flows along the northern Bulgarian border. There are good opportunities for adventure tourism: wild water rafting and canoeing, diving, delta- and para-gliding in the valleys of the Vatcha, Iskar, Chepelarska, Struma, and Mesta rivers.
Natural lakes are about 400 in number; the largest are the Black Sea lakes (Alepou, Arkoutino, Pomorie, Beloslav, Bourgas, Varna, Shabla lakes). One of the largest lakes is Srebarna, an UNESCO reserve, with its unique flora and fauna; the most numerous (more than 260) are the high glacial lakes in the Rila and Pirin mountains at an altitude of 1900 to 2400 m. Picturesque lakes hide in the bowels of the Rila and Pirin mountains. Dam lakes of recreational potential are to be found in the Rhodope mountains – Batak, Vatcha, Studen Kladenets; at the foot of the Balkan range – Ticha, as well as in some other places.
Bulgaria has some 500 deposits of mineral waters with more than 1,600 water sources. These are localised mainly at the mountain foothills. The spa resorts of national significance are Bankya, Velingrad, Sandanski, the mineral baths of Stara Zagora, Narechen, Sliven and Haskovo, as well as Kyustendil, Varshets, Pavel Banya, Hissarya, Merichleri, Momin Prohod, and Kostenets.
There are more than 12 350 kinds of plant life, and about 15 000 species presented in Bulgaria. To preserve this diversity,  many protected territories are established - with three national parcs and 89 nature reservses.
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